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Should Natick Fluoridate?
Members of the Committee

Name Home or Office Address
*Benedict J. Gallo, Ph. D. 72 Washington Street, Natick, MA
Jason Kupperschmidt, B. S. 17 Greenwood Road, Natick, MA
Alfred J. Murray, M.S.T. 51 Crest Road, Framingham, MA
Harlee S. Strauss, Ph. D. 21 Bay State Road, Natick, MA
Norman R. Mancuso, Ph. D. 24 Myrtle Street, Framingham, MA
Chairman of the Committee

*The committee wishes to acknowledge the participation of Dr. Benedict J. Gallo and to recognize his contributions during the course of this study. Although Dr. Gallo resigned from the committee during the final preparation of this report, he remained in complete agreement with the Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations of the Natick Fluoridation Study Committee.

Curricula Vitae of the Committee Members
The following material is being provided at the specific request of the Board of Selectmen of the town.

Curriculum Vitae of Benedict J. Gallo

72 Washington Street
Natick, MA 01760

Ph.D., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1977.
Major, Botany; Minor, Chemistry.
M.S., Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, Michigan, 1970.
Major, Biology; Minor, Education.
M.S., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1962.
Major, Geology; Minor, Zoology.
B.A., University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, 1958.
Major, Geology; Minor, Zoology.


1979 - Retirement 1996
Research Microbiologist at the U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Center, Natick,, Massachusetts 01760-5020. Conducted basic research involving the search and development of inexpensive sources of microbial enzymes for use in Chemical Defense and munitions biodegradation.

1976 - 1979
Research Microbiologist, National Research Council Research Associate at the U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Center, Natick, Massachusetts 01760- 5020. Conducted basic research in the bioconversion of ligno-cellulosic urban wastes and agricultural residues into the power fuel ethanol.

1970 - 1976
Teaching Fellow and Research Associate, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. I instructed degree candidates in Botany, Genetics and Microbiology and conducted independent research involving the genetics, biochemistry and microbiology of several microbial enzyme systems.

1960 - 1970
Instructor, Biology, Central Connecticut University, New Britain, CT;
Secondary School Science Teacher at St. John School, Jackson, Michigan and
Bentley Senior High School, Livonia Public School System, Livonia, Michigan,
Pharmaceutical Sales, Westerfield Labs, Cincinnati, OH
Journal papers, DOD reports and U.S. Patents.

1989 USANRDEC Silver Pin for Research,
1989 Soldier Sciences Directorate Outstanding Project Officer Award.
Curriculum Vitae of Jason Kupperschmidt

Jason Kupperschmidt
17 Greenwood Road
Natick, MA 01760

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL
    B. S., Chemical Engineering, May 1992
Northeastern University, Boston, MA
    M. S. Student, Environmental Engineering, September 1995 to Present

Professional Affiliations
    Commonwealth of Massachusetts Engineer-in-Training, Certificate # 16409
    American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Member

Armstrong Pharmaceuticals, Boston, MA
     September 1994- Present
     Process Engineer

General Chemical Corporation Framingham, MA
November 1993 - January 1995
Environmental Chemist
U.S. Army Natick Research, Development and Engineering Center, Natick, MA
May - August 1990, May - August 1991, July 1992 - February 1994
Biochemistry Research Assistant
Dupont/Merck Pharmaceutical Company, Billerica, MA
March - August 1994
Contract Assignment

Curriculum Vitae of Norman R. Mancuso

Norman R. Mancuso, B.S., M.S., Ph.D.
Norman R. Mancuso Associates
24 Myrtle Street Suite B Framingham, MA 01702
508-876-5696 (Voice) - 508-875-6003 (Voice & FAX)

Dr. Norman R. Mancuso possesses a broad and diversified background in Engineering and the Sciences. Trained and educated at such institutions as St. Bonaventure University, State University of New York at Buffalo and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he has over thirty years of in-depth, hands-on experience in a wide range of Chemical, Engineering and Computer related projects. He is the author or co-author of over one hundred Chemical, Scientific and Engineering publications and has extensively served both the domestic and European high-tech communities.

Educational Background
Postdoctoral Fellow
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Ph.D., Chemistry, SUNY at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY.
M.S., Chemistry, St. Bonaventure University, Olean, NY.
B.S., Chemistry/Mathematics, St. Bonaventure Univ. Olean, NY.

Academic and Industrial Honors
Dupont Teaching Fellow
National Institutes of Health Postdoctoral Fellow
Product Innovation Award - Dennison Mfg. Co., Inc.

Academic and Industrial Positions
NORMAN R. MANCUSO ASSOCIATES, Framingham, MA, Consulting Engineer
AVERY DENNISON, INC., Imaging Systems Division, Hopkinton, MA, Group Leader
DENNISON MFG. CO., INC., Corporate R&D, Framingham, MA, Senior Engineer
INFOREX, INC., Advanced Development Group, Burlington, MA, Senior Engineer

NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY, Boston, MA, Lecturer/SOA Engineering Program
Dr. Mancuso pioneered the use of high-integration embedded microprocessors, high density programmable logic and field programmable gate arrays at Dennison and introduced various CAE tools into the Dennison R & D environment.. He also planned, implemented, and directed an Automatic Test facility for PCB testing. He received a Corporate Productivity Award for the design and development of high integration embedded microprocessor PCB's used in several product lines. He also developed various product/process specifications, including technical documentation for a number of engineering companies. A strong proponent of continuing education, he was instrumental in arranging and administering employee Professional Development courses and other programs increasing technical employee involvement, productivity and morale.

As an Apollo Program Project Scientist, Dr. Mancuso was responsible for the development of an interlock system enabling the organic analysis of lunar samples while maintaining and protecting the integrity of the terrestrial biosphere. Other analytical instruments developed include a laser-based web flaw detector for the Dunn Paper Co. as well as Comparator/Spectrophotometers and real-time data acquisition systems for the measurement of Mass Spectrometric photographic plates. While serving as a consultant to Karolinska Institute (Stockholm) he developed a real-time data acquisition systems incorporating multi-channel non-coincidence amplifier systems.

Dr. Mancuso is a member of the Metrowest Chamber of Commerce, the Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers, the Committee of Concerned Engineers and the American Chemical Society. He also served on the Natick Underground Storage Tank Removal Committee.

Curriculum Vitae of Alfred J. Murray

Alfred J. Murray
Framingham, MA 01702

Education: Massachusetts Teaching Certification: Work Experience: Publication:
Mental Deficiency, Dwarfism and Decreased Segmentation of Neutrophilic Leucocytes; Journal of Mental Deficiency Research, 11(4) December 1967
Curriculum Vitae of Harlee S. Strauss

Harlee S. Strauss, Ph.D.
H. Strauss Associates, Inc.
Natick, Massachusetts 01760
Tel: 508-651-8784
Fax: 508-655-5116

Dr. Strauss is the President of H. Strauss Associates, Inc. (HSAI), a consulting firm she founded in 1988. Dr. Strauss works on a broad range of projects, from site specific human health risk assessments, to in-depth evaluations of the toxicity of individual chemicals, to the development of risk assessment methodology. She has conducted projects related to identifying gender biases in risk assessment, how to apply risk assessment methodology to childhood cancer, and how to establish risk assessment frameworks with respect to microorganisms, including bioremediation. Dr. Strauss initiated and, for its first year, lead a multi-million dollar study to investigate the potential links between the environment and breast cancer on Cape Cod, Massachusetts.

Dr. Strauss has been a member of the Society for Risk Analysis since 1987. She served on the Management Committee for the residential exposure assessment project and on the Advisory Committee for SRA Workshop "Key Issues in Carcinogen Risk Assessment Guidelines." Dr. Strauss is a long time member and former president of the New England Chapter of SRA. She initiated the SRA-NE monthly newsletter, "Back of the Envelop" and was its editor for several years. Dr. Strauss received an Outstanding Service to Society award from the SRA in 1996.

Dr. Strauss's other activities include serving her second, two-year term on the Army Science Board (ASB). She was a member of the ASB work group on Management and Abatement of Lead Based Paint at Army Sites and is currently a member of two ASB study panels: 1 ) Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Existing Groundwater and Soil Treatment Systems in the US Army and 2) a study related to Chemical/biological Weapons Defense.

Harlee Strauss earned a Ph.D. in molecular biology from the University of Wisconsin- Madison (1979) and an A.B. in chemistry from Smith College (1972). She was a postdoctoral fellow in biology at MIT (1979-81), sponsored by the NIEHS) and a Congressional Science Fellow sponsored by the Biophysical Society (1981-83). Dr. Strauss has also held the positions of special assistant for government affairs at the American Chemical Society (1983-84), special consultant at ENVIRON Corporation (1984), research associate at the MIT Center for Technology, Policy and Industrial Development (1985-86), senior associate at Gradient Corporation (1986-88), and executive director of Silent Spring Institute (1994-95).


The corrections and other changes noted below have been made in the version(s) of the report dated October 23, 1997 or later. No changes of a substantive nature or which would in any way modify or negate the "Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations" of the report have been made.

Page Correction

8 "....Dosage of Fluoride..."
11 "....Selectmen with regard...."
12 "....normal usage, direct..."
"....this usage....."
12, 16 "....profluoridation..."
14, 15 "....antifluoridationists.."
15, 16 "....profluoridationists..."
16 "....desirability..."
18 "....pre-eruptive..."
18 "....e. g., lifestyle...."
18 "....desirable...."
20 Citation corrected in line 2; (5) should be (11)
21 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
23 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
24 "....dysfunction...."
Correction of lethal dose; addition of reference 10.
25 "....independent...."
Punctuation corrections in reference list.
27 "....mgs of fluoride per kg of...."
" "
29 "....Agency's...."
31 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
33 "....postmenopausal...." (2x)
35 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
Correction to citation (9)
36 "....carcinogenicity...."
40 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
41 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
43 "....enzymes (17)...."
44 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
45 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
47 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
48 "....triethyltin-induced...."
52 "....than 110...."
53 "....prenatally..."
"....findings are...."
54 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
56 "....epidemiological study..."
58 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
60 "....negligible...."
"....occurred in 1992...."
61 "....sodium fluorosilicate are...."
76 Definitions corrected and clarified.
81 Punctuation corrections in reference list.
82 "....MA"
89 ""
(End of October 23, 1997 Errata.).

Home Fluoride: Protected Pollutant or Panacea?
Are the claimed benefits of ingesting fluoride over-rated
and the risks to our health and eco-system under-reported?
Scientific Abstracts
Bones | Calgary | Cavities | Fertility | Cancer | Health risks | Neurological | Dental Fluorosis and Pictures
ISFR | Ethics | Tributes | Fraud | Authors | Deaths | Quotes | Environment | Skeletal Fluorosis | Definitions